Latin name: Larix
Number of species: about 10
circulation area: Asia, Europe, North America
fruit: light brown cones (see picture right)
heyday: March May
height: 10 - 40m
Older: up to 500 years
Properties of the bark: greyish brown, scaly bark
Properties of the wood: hard and stable
Locations of the tree: loamy soil, mainly cool climate
leaf: about 3cm long needles
Interesting about the larch
The larches describe a small genus within the pine family, which comprises about ten species and is native to the northern hemisphere in almost all countries of Europe, North America and Asia. These conifers are deciduous and found in the wild mainly in mountainous areas. Since they have been an important supplier of wood for the production of furniture and floors for several centuries, larches are cultivated on a large scale in the lowlands as well.
Among the most important representatives of this group of deciduous conifers are the European, the West American, the Siberian and the Japanese larch, The European larch or Larix decidua native to Central Europe is found in the wild above all in the Alps, Carpathians, Sudetes and other altitudes. It reaches stature heights of about forty meters and has a slim treetop, which develops with age from a pointed to slightly flattened form. The bark of the larch is greenish in young trees and has a smooth surface. It gradually grows to ten centimeters thick, takes on a greyish brown color and develops into a deeply ridged and scaly gray-brown bark.
The young leaves of the larch are recognizable as only about half a millimeter wide, light green and later nachdunkelnde needles. They are soft, have a maximum length of three centimeters and are rather flattened at the end than pointed. The needles are arranged in rosettes arranged in dense clusters together.
From about the age of fifteen, the larch blooms between March and late May, with the yellow male flowers ovate and only a few inches long, while the female appears in a dark pink or red and about twice as large. This develops in autumn, the light brown cones, which also appear egg-shaped and about six inches long. The seed scales of the cones sit loosely and attract attention by a finely striped pattern and a delicate brown hair. The cones gradually fade as soon as the seeds have matured and released the next spring. They sometimes remain on the tree for a few years before they fall off.