General

The baboon - Wanted poster


Characteristics

Surname: Baboon
Latin name: Papio
class: Mammals
size: 50 - 100cm
mass: 15 - 30kg
Older: 20 - 30 years
Appearance: yellow-brown-gray coat
Sexual dimorphism: Yes
Nutrition type: Omnivore (omnivor)
food: Fruits, seeds, insects, small mammals
distribution: Africa, Arabian Peninsula
original origin: Africa
Sleep-wake rhythm: diurnal
habitat: Steppe, savannah, semi-desert
natural enemies: /
sexual maturity: about the age of seven
mating season: all year round
gestationabout 6 months
litter size: 1 cub
social behavior: Formation of harem groups
Threatened with extinction: No
Further profiles of animals can be found in the Encyclopaedia.

Interesting about the baboon

  • Baboons are primates, are considered to be the meerkat relatives and can be found in almost all of Africa. Within the genus of the baboons, a distinction is made between a total of five species, the Anubispavian, the Bear's Baboon, the Mantelpavian, the Steppe's Pavian and the Guinea Baboon.
  • Baboons inhabit different habitats and are found in steppes, savannas and semi-deserts as well as in rocky areas and forests.
  • All sorts of baboons share the distinct and hairless muzzle, the strong teeth and the close-together eyes. The coat is rough and dense and may appear in brown, gray, silver and various olive green and yellow tones depending on the species.
  • Baboons are relatively large monkeys that can reach lengths of up to two meters with the tail, whereby the males are significantly larger than the females.
  • Baboons live mostly as inhabitants of the soil, but as excellent climbers they also like to stay in the branches of the trees, where they retire to sleep.
  • They feed mainly on plant foods such as leaves, fruits, seeds and nuts, but are frugal and adaptable omnivores, which are also used as food sources by insects and small vertebrates. Rarely do baboons also hunt for large rodents, birds, vervet monkeys or gazelles. In search of food, baboon groups often travel up to twenty kilometers a day.
  • Baboons are very social primates living together in mixed groups or harem families of different sizes and having a large repertoire of communication opportunities. They not only share their fellows through body language and facial expressions, but also through stares, different sounds and body contact.
  • The most striking gesture is the showing of the hairless, often bright red and swollen hindquarters, which is used by females, especially in the mating season, to show males their willingness. The two red bumps also use the primates as pillows to sit comfortably on cold or wet ground. The bright color of the hindquarters also helps the animals outside of the mating season not to lose sight of each other.
  • The mating behavior strongly depends on the hierarchy of the group. The female brings after a half-year Tragzeit a single cub into the world, which is cared for not only by the mother herself, but also by other females and males of the family lovingly.
  • Baboons rarely become prey or large primate victims as they defend themselves together in the group, using their strong, long canines to rout attackers.
  • The life expectancy of baboons in the wild is about thirty years, in captivity, the animals can be significantly older.